Separation and determination of cadmium in water samples based on functionalized carbon nanotube by syringe filter membrane- micro solid-phase extraction

Volume 4, Issue 01, Pages 5-15, Mar 2021 *** Field: Analytical Environmental Chemistry

  • Jamshid Rakhtshah, Corresponding University of Tabriz
Keywords: Cadmium, separation, Water, Functionalized carbon nanotubes,, Syringe filter membrane micro solid phase extraction, Atom trap flame atomic absorption spectrometry


A simple and fast separation of cadmium (Cd) based on functionalized carbon nanotubes with 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanol (CNTs@DHSP) was achieved in water samples before a determination by atom trap flame atomic absorption spectrometry (AT-FAAS). In this study, Cd(II) ions were extracted by syringe filter membrane-micro solid phase extraction procedure(SFM-μ-SPE). Firstly, 20 mg of the CNTs@DHSP as solid-phase added to 20 mL of water sample in a syringe, then dispersed for 3 min after adjusting pH up to 7 and pass through SFM very slowly. After extraction, the Cd(II) ions were back-extracted from SFM/CNTs@DHSP by 1.0 mL of eluent in acidic pH. Finally, the cadmium concentration was measured by AT-FAAS. Under the optimal conditions, the linear range (2–90 µg L−1), LOD (0.75 µg L−1) and enrichment factor (19.6) were obtained (RSD<1.5%). The adsorption capacity of Cd(II) with the CNTs@DHSP was obtained about 152.6 mg g-1. The method was validated by certified reference materials (SRM, NIST) and ET-AAS in water samples. 


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How to Cite
Rakhtshah, J. (2021). Separation and determination of cadmium in water samples based on functionalized carbon nanotube by syringe filter membrane- micro solid-phase extraction. Analytical Methods in Environmental Chemistry Journal, 4(01), 5-15.
Original Article