Removal of Metronidazole residues from aqueous solutions based on magnetic multiwalled carbon nanotubes by response surface methodology and isotherm study

Volume 3, Issue 03, Pages 44-53, Sep 2020 *** Field: Environmental Analytical Chemistry

  • Mohammad Reza Rezaei Kahkha, (Corresponding Author)* Zabol University Of Medical Sciences
  • Gholamreza Ebrahimzadeh Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Zabol University Of Medical Sciences,Zabol.Iran
  • Ahmad Salarifar Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas Branch, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Keywords: Magnetic multiwalled carbon Nanotubes, Metronidazole, Adsorption, Response surface methodology, Central composition design


Antibiotics and pharmaceutical products cannot remove by conventional sewage treatment. In this work, an effective adsorbent magnetic multiwalled carbon nanotube (Fe3O4@MWCNTs) was synthesized by co-precipitation of MWCNTs with Fe3O4 and used for removal of Metronidazole from aqueous solutions. Response surface methodology on central composition design (CCD) was applied for designing of experiments and building of models for Metronidazole removal before a determination by HPLC. Four factors including pH, the adsorbent dose, time, and temperature were studied and used for the quadratic equation model to the prediction of optimal points.  By solvent the equation and considering the regression coefficient (R2 =0.9997), the optimal points obtained as follows: pH =2.98; adsorbent dosage =2.16 g; time =22 min and temperature = 37.9 o C. The isotherm study of adsorption showed that the metronidazole adsorption on Fe3O4@MWCNTs follows the Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacity (AC) is 215 mg g-1 obtained from Langmuir isotherm.


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How to Cite
Rezaei Kahkha, M. R., Ebrahimzadeh, G., & Salarifar, A. (2020). Removal of Metronidazole residues from aqueous solutions based on magnetic multiwalled carbon nanotubes by response surface methodology and isotherm study. Analytical Methods in Environmental Chemistry Journal, 3(03), 44-53.
Original Article